Blind Man with a white cane - Historic Heart to Urban Soul of Athens
Blind Man with a white cane - Historic Heart to Urban Soul of Athens

Historic Heart to Urban Soul of Athens

Photo: Thomas Gravanis

Historic Heart to Urban Soul of Athens


Photo: Thomas Gravanis

Table of Contents


Itinerary Overview

This itinerary traverses the historic centre of Athens, setting out from the capital’s most emblematic central square: Syntagma Square.

With its key location facing Parliament,  Syntagma (Greek for “constitution”) is the beating heart of Athens. Many landmark events, both political and cultural, take place here throughout the year: from the patriotic national parade in March to celebrate Greek Independence, to Athens Pride in June, and the annual lighting of the city’s Christmas tree in December. Fringed with luxury hotels and bustling pavement cafes, Syntagma Square is also your gateway to the most famous shopping street of Athens, Ermou. Ermou dissects the historic centre, and will take you all the way to the hub of Athenian urban culture, Technopolis.

Ermou Street is mostly pedestrianized with flat and easy to navigate paving. The first stretch is packed with global chains and cafeterias. On Ermou, you’ll find the quaint little church of Kapnikarea, one of the oldest in Athens (it was built around 1052). You’re also close to pretty Agia Irini Square with its flower market and hip hangouts. Ermou Street takes you on to Monastiraki, the centre’s buzziest square, which teems day and night. From this point, the Acropolis comes into glorious view, and you’re positioned near a plethora of world-famous archaeological sites (such as the Ancient Agora and the archaeological site of Keramikos – the cemetery of ancient Athens).

Street stalls, antique shops, tavernas and ethnic food vendors will  accompany you until Thissio, where we come across Apostolou Pavlou Street, a lovely walkway that leads to the Acropolis. If we continue on Ermou Street, though, we shall reach the thriving urban neighbourhood of Gazi. Ermou changes character, becoming a more mellow and pedestrian-friendly route. We will encounter the Holocaust Memorial, as well as the archaeological site of Keramikos. At Ermou’s end, the Old Depot hosts some of summer’s most fun-filled festivals.  We now find ourselves on Peiraios Street, one of the busiest streets of Athens, linking the city with Piraeus and the port.

By crossing this street, we will arrive in Gazi, an LGBTQI+ friendly area pulsing with nightlife, clubs, bars, and many eclectic eating options. Gazi is also home to the Technopolis of Athens, the city’s former gasworks and these days, a nucleus of contemporary culture. Technopolis is an accessible place to visit, relax and enjoy live concerts, museums and annual festivals (such as the free Technopolis Jazz Festival in May). Our itinerary concludes at Keramikos Square and the “Keramikos” metro station of Line 3 (the blue line).

General Accessibility

  • The itinerary is slightly downhill in a total distance of 2,3 km.
  • It consists of pedestrian areas for the most part. It crosses with streets of light traffic but also of high traffic.
  • It is moderately illuminated at night, with occasional dark spots.
  • The ground is often slippery due to frequent use.
  • Do not count entirely on the tactile pavings, they are just helping with the orientation. Often, they are crowded or they pass under high obstacles.
  • The tactile pavings do not have color contrast.
  • From Monastiraki until Thissio, the itinerary is deemed “tricky” and it has to be carried out with caution.
  • At each point of interest, the accessibility is indicated according to the information available on their website (we have not verified this personally).
  • The itinerary starts from the “Syntagma” metro station (line 3, “Airport – Nikaia” and line 2, “Anthoupoli-Elliniko”). Along the road, we will meet the “Monastiraki” station that belongs to both line 3 and line 1, as well as the “Thissio” station (line 1). The itinerary ends up at the “Keramikos” station of line 3. All of the above stations provide an accessible toilet and elevators with voice output. The stations of “Monastiraki”, “Thissio” and “Keramikos” provide access to their interior via tactile pavings.

Route Description

pre loader
Step 1

Our itinerary begins with the “Syntagma” station of the lines 3 “Airport – Nikaia” and 2 “Anthoupoli – Elliniko”.


Point of interest: “Syntagma” Metro Station – Line 2&3


Step 2

At “Syntagma” metro station, there is only one elevator to exit at the level of the street. We get out of the elevator at Syntagma Square.


Point of interest: Syntagma Square

Step 3

As soon as we exit the elevator, we will locate the tactile paving and we can follow it across the whole square. The tactile paving leads us to Ermou Street.


At the first junction on the tactile paving, the choice towards the right will lead us to the entrance-exit stairs of “Syntagma” metro station. We choose to follow the tactile paving towards the left to continue the itinerary.


[In case we get out of the exit stairs of the “Syntagma” station, then we simply get the tactile paving -located at the far-left point of the stair as we ascend- and we follow it straight ahead, crossing the Syntagma Square in the direction of Ermou Street.]


At the next junction of the tactile paving, with options left and right, we turn right.


Next junction with options left and straight, we continue straight ahead.


Next junction with options straight and left, we turn left and we follow the tactile paving until the pedestrian crossing for Ermou Street.


Before the pedestrian crossing, to our right there is a kiosk that provides information and maps for tourists.


Point of interest: Tourist Info Point

Step 4

Just before we reach the pedestrian crossing, the last junction of the tactile paving intervenes, with options right, left and straight. We continue straight.


To reach Ermou Street, we will vertically cross Filellinon Street from the pedestrian crossing to which the tactile paving leads us.


Pedestrian crossing:

  • Approaching the crossing, on our right hand we will detect and hear the traffic light with the auditory signal.
  • This traffic light features additional colour contrast for people with partial loss of vision.
  • It also features embossed marking at the top of the auditory signal device, with an arrow that indicates the direction of the course you are on.
  • At the bottom of the auditory signal device, there is a circular button for a voice confirmation regarding our current location and the direction towards which we are about to cross the road.
  • The auditory signal device is on the pole of the traffic light, approximately one metre above the ground.
  • For as long as we hear the slow sound of the traffic light, we are not allowed to cross the road. As soon as the sound becomes fast, this means a green light for the pedestrians and we can safely cross.

Passing to the opposite side, at the same spot and height respectively, we will locate another traffic light with an auditory signal. Using the exact same method of confirmation, it will announce the opposite course, meaning that we are now at the junction of Ermou and Filellinon Streets, having left Syntagma square behind us.


Point of interest: Ermou Pedestrian Area

Step 5

We leave the traffic light to our right and we continue straight, until we find the interior part of the pavement we are on. As soon as we locate it we turn left, letting go of the interior wall to our right. This interior side of the pavement will be used to guide ourselves at this point of the itinerary.


The first perpendicular street we are going to meet in front of us is Nikis, a street of light traffic. At this corner, Ermou Street and Nikis Street, there is a kiosk to our left. We cross Nikis Street vertically and we continue straight along the Ermou pedestrian area.


Up until the next perpendicular street (Voulis Street) we will be cautious, since there are two arcades to our right. As we use the interior part of the pavement to guide ourselves, we must be careful not to accidentally enter them. We then meet Voulis Street, which is a street of light traffic, and we cross it vertically, continuing straight on the Ermou pedestrian area. We hold the wall to our right once again.


Until the next perpendicular street, the Diomeias pedestrian street, there is a nook and an arcade to our right, which we will have to simply bypass continuing straight ahead. We cross Diomeias Street and we continue straight, remaining on the Ermou pedestrian area.


There is another nook to our right and then we reach the Kornarou pedestrian area. We cross it vertically continuing straight on the Ermou pedestrianised area, until the next perpendicular street, the Fokionos pedestrian street


Crossing the Fokionos pedestrian street, we continue straight along Ermou, always following the interior right side of it. There is an arcade on 36 Ermou Street, whose entrance we bypass.


We cross vertically the next pedestrian street, Evangelistrias, and we continue straight along Ermou Street until Kapnikarea Square. This square is depicted as circular on the map. The Church of Panagia Kapnikarea is located at its middle, lower than the level of the pedestrian area.




Point of interest: Church of Panagia Kapnikarea

Step 6

The buildings framing the square practically give it a square shape. While still having the buildings to our right, we will cross the square. At first, we cross the Kalamiotou pedestrian street vertically and at the next corner -having walked half of the square- we get back on Ermou and we turn right to continue on the pedestrian area.


Continuing on the Ermou pedestrianised section, we will skip a nook to our right. At the next corner, we will meet the Aiolou pedestrian area which we vertically cross. Aiolou Street is a pedestrian street on the right, full of spots for coffee, desserts, food and drinks, and it leads to the vivid square of Agia Irini.



Point of interest: Agia Irini Square

Step 7

Framing graceful Agia Irini church, Agia Irini Square is one of Athens’ most LGBTQI+ friendly hotspots and a fashionable haunt for pavement dining, drinking cocktails and people-watching.


At the exact point where we vertically cross Aiolou Street, Ermou turns from a pedestrian area into a medium traffic street. That is why we stay on the right pavement of Ermou Street.


The traffic of the vehicles on Ermou Street is parallel to our course and it has the same direction. As we keep walking, we find Athinas Street vertically in front of us. It is a main two-way street with a wide pavement, full of wonderful exotic scents, thanks to the many spice shops lining the whole street.



  • If you follow Athinas Street on the right, in 800 metres you will end up at Omonia Square, where the “Omonia” metro station is (line 2).
  • If you turn left, you will get to Monastiraki Square via a pedestrian crossing. This is where to find “Monastiraki” metro station (lines 1&3).


Point of interest: Monastiraki Square

Step 8

We continue straight, locate the pedestrian crossing and cross Athinas Street with caution, because there is no auditory signal on the spot for people with visual impairment. Then, we continue on Ermou Street.


From where we are, the sacred rock of the Acropolis begins to appear on our left.


On our left hand, Ermou has now become a two-way street. Remaining on the right pavement of Ermou, we locate the tactile paving. From this point on, our itinerary will throw quite a few challenges at us, regarding the accessibility of the pavements.


Going straight ahead, remaining on Ermou Street, we meet Miaouli Street in front of us, which we vertically cross.


Continuing on Ermou Street, the tactile paving is now on the exterior side of the right pavement that we are on. We meet the Agias Theklas pedestrian street in front of us, which we vertically cross.


We continue straight and we meet the Pittaki pedestrian street in front of us, which we vertically cross.




Point of interest: Psirri

Step 9

We continue on Ermou Street and vertically cross Artemidos Street. Now, the tactile paving continues in the middle of the right pavement that we are on.


Walking straight, we vertically cross Karaiskaki Street. As soon as we cross it, we do not get on the right pavement of Ermou Street, but instead we walk parallel to it and exactly beside it. There is a protected lane right there on the street and a demarcation fence on our left that separates it from the street.


At the next corner we vertically cross Arionos Street and we get on the right pavement of Ermou Street, locating the tactile paving.


Staying on this path, we find Avliton Street which we vertically cross.


We keep walking, vertically crossing the single street created by the end of the streets Navarchou Apostoli and Leokoriou, while staying on Ermou Street. Here, the right pavement of Ermou has tapered and we suggest slower steps and attention to high obstacles, e.g. street signs.


At the next corner, Ermou Street and Asomaton Street, we will turn left and cross Ermou Street to reach its left pavement. At this point, there is a pedestrian crossing. Afterwards, while remaining on the left side of Ermou Street, we will vertically cross Asomaton Street which is directly in front of us.


Getting on the pavement, we locate the tactile paving and turn left. This means that we now have the street on our left. We follow the tactile paving as it goes, no matter what junctions it may have.




Point of interest: “Thissio” Metro Station – Line 1

Step 10

We now have the Thissio metro station (line 1) on our left. This is where the major pedestrian zone of Apostolou Pavlou begins, which leads to the Acropolis (we fully describe this historic route in Accessible Itinerary “Ancient Athens uncovered”).


We proceed on the tactile pavement of Ermou Street, which is now a pedestrian area again. At the junction of the tactile pavement, with options left and right, we turn left and stay on Ermou Street, heading towards Piraeus Street and Gazi.




Point of interest: The Holocaust Memorial in Athens

Step 11

A few metres after that, on our right, is the city’s Holocaust Memorial: a composition of marble sculpted stones on the ground, surrounded by trees.


Athens’ memorial to the victims of the Holocaust takes the shape of a broken Star of David, hewn from Egyptian marble. The creation of Greek-American sculptor Deanna Maganias, it points to the villages and cities across Greece where hundreds of thousands of Jews were gathered and deported under Nazi German occupation.


Continuing on the tactile paving of Ermou Street, a few metres afterwards, on our right, lies the fenched archaeological site of Keramikos.


At some point, the tactile paving we have followed so far will branch to the right and the left. We continue straight. Then, the tactile paving splits into a left, a right and a straight junction. Following the tactile paving to the right, we will reach the entrance of the archaeological site of Keramikos.



Point of interest: Archaeological Site of Keramikos

Step 12

We keep straight on the tactile paving of Ermou Street, having the archaeological site of Keramikos on our right, without paying attention to the junctions to the left of the tactile paving that we will meet along the road. Just before we meet Piraeus Street vertically in front of us, we have the venue of the Old Depot on our right.



Point of interest: The Old Depot

Step 13

At the end of the tactile paving which is now simply a pavement, we turn right and we follow the right interior side of the pavement. Further down, we locate steps on our right, to which we walk in parallel. As soon as the steps end, there is a pedestrian crossing which we will use to cross Piraeus Street.


Piraeus Street is a main road with a median strip in the middle. Crossing -very carefully- both ways of the street, we get onto the pavement, locate the wall on its interior side and turn left, having the wall on our right and the street on our left. The wall on our right is the fencing of Technopolis. We now walk on the pavement of Piraeus

Street, heading in the direction from Omonia to Piraeus.

We follow the fencing of Technopolis for some metres, just the way it goes, still having it on our right hand. This course is on a narrow pavement and we must pay attention to the plants that poke out of the fencing.



Point of interest: Technopolis City of Athens

Step 14

If we do not enter Technopolis from the entrance/exit, while being on Persefonis Street,we locate an interior side searching for the pavement. We now have Persefonis Street on our left and on its right pavement, we can find and follow the tactile paving.


On our right side, Technopolis keeps extending and we walk in parallel with its fencing. We find and follow the tactile paving just as it goes. At some point, we will vertically cross a parking entrance for Technopolis, which interrupts the tactile paving for a few steps.


When we pass this entrance, we reach again for the tactile paving on the pavement and as we go straight, we locate Iakchou Street, vertically in front of us.


We vertically cross Iakchou Street and continue straight ahead, on the right pavement of Persefonis Street, finding the tactile pavement once again. The central square of Keramikos, called Persefonis Square, extends on our right.


At some point, the tactile paving will branch onto a pedestrian crossing, creating a right and a straight junction. We turn right and follow the tactile paving, being now in the square.


In a few metres, the tactile paving changes texture on the ground and it branches, creating a left and a straight junction. We follow it to the left and it leads us to the exit escalators of the “Keramikos” metro station (line 1).


Staying straight on the tactile paving, we will soon find again a new junction towards the left, which leads us to the entrance escalators of the station. Between the entrance and the exit escalators, there are also fixed stairs.


We keep walking straight along the tactile paving and we will soon meet another junction that goes to the left or continues straight. We take the left turn and that way we reach the elevator of the “Keramikos” metro station.



Point of interest: “Keramikos” Metro Station – Line 3

Step 15

Point of interest: Gazi


Ancient Athens Uncovered